According to Michael Porter’s classification Turkey takes place in productivity oriented economies. Though Turkey fits in the description of the countries called middle income trap. Turkey needs high qualified entrepreneurship on its way to innovation oriented economy in order to save itself from the handicap that is described as middle income trap. Thus last few decades, stood out entrepreneurs who consider sustainable development studies based on increasing the life quality while avoiding harming natural resources, innovation and creativity. At the end of the process a new kind of entrepreneurship, eco/green employment which is environment and ecology centered, appeared.
On the other hand, young unemployment is a problem that is usually encountered in low contributed economies. Our country also faces the young unemployment problem due to its high young population. This problem is also one of the biggest of EU’s especially Mediterranean countries’ problem. In our country according to TUIK’s data young unemployment rates are %27, 9 among the age group who are 15-24. College graduated unemployment rates have been higher than any other years for the last 20 years. This, points out that universities are insufficient in the matter of being employed and lots of young have been considered as a lost generation. Young unemployment rates are %50 for Greece and Spain, %43 for Italy and Croatia and %20 as for our project partner, Hungary.
Green entrepreneurship which is one of the top topics that EU prioritizes, eco-innovation processes and creating a supportive system for the needs of young are going to be considered as a whole in our project. EU’s “2020 Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth” Strategy, supports the working models that focus on green growth so while sustaining welfare it does not harm the nature. It’s targeted that by 2020 creating employment in the sector for 3, 5 millions of people and reaching the resource efficiency in working processes by 2030. Between the years of 2014 – 2020, 220 million Euros were planned to be used for the purpose.
These problems that mentioned above are affecting young directly in middle and long periods. It’s not likely to overcome this problem that can’t be overcome ever since the crisis in 2009. This process that will almost take 10 years is a preview of a lost generation thus loss of welfare. There is no substantial enterprise that can meet these needs in neither our countries nor other countries that face young unemployment and lack of new qualified enterprises. In order to solve these problems, we need a pilot application that leads the way for an ecosystem that offers these services.
Creating an employment center that prioritizes sustainability and environmental sensitivity, plays a facilitator role in the matter of catching up with the transformation of the industry and information era, providing a networking platform and a consultancy in the matter of current green employment opportunities as well as green entrepreneurship will be the tools on our way to achieve our project’ goals. Within our project an International Green Entrepreneurship and Innovative Employment Center (IGEC) will be built. This green enterprise center will work as a network and be a center of consultancy, education, business development activities. By bringing staff that will work within the center, independent experts, NGO workers, investors, academicians and entrepreneur candidates together this canter will hold some activities such as; idea workshops, joint study grounds, workshops, education activities and consultancy service. Besides this center, 4 different outputs will produce in cooperation with 4 different partners from 4 different countries (Turkey, Hungary, Lithuania, Greece). In addition to intellectual outputs, international meetings, training and learning activities, dissemination activities and study visits will take place. Project design base on non-formal learing methods and tools by targeting youth’ needs and problems by using ICT tools for 24 months.